Артикль

Запомните следующие правила:

Перед каждым нарицательным существительным должен стоять артикль.
    Если вы не употребляете перед существительным артикль, вы должны уметь объяснить, почему.
    Артикль не употребляется, если перед существительным стоит притяжательное или указательное местоимение. другое существительное в притяжательном падеже, количественное числительное или отрицание “no ” (не “not”!).

    Упражнение 1

    Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

    1. This is … book. It is my … book. 2. Is this your … pencil? – No, it isn’t my … pencil, it is my sister’s … pencil. 3. I have … sister. My … sister is … engineer. My sister’s … husband is … doctor. 4. I have no … handbag. 5. She has got … headache. 6. Have they got … car? – Yes, they have. Their … car is very expensive but reliable. 7. Have you got … calculator? – No, I haven’t. 8. Is this … watch? – No, it isn’t … watch, it’s … pen. 9. This … pen is good, and that … pen is bad. 10. I can see … pencil on your … table, but I can see no … paper. 11. Give me … chair, please. 12. They have … dog and two cats. 13. I have … spoon in my … plate, but I have no … soup in it. 14. My … friend says he is going to be … millionaire one … day. 15. Would you like … orange? 16. Mr. Smith is … artist, Mrs. Smith is … poetess.

    Упражнение 2

    Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

    1. He hasn’t got … car. But he’s got … computer. … computer is new. 2. My … friends have got … cat and … dog. … dog never bites … cat. 3. This is … tree. … tree is green. 4. I can see three … boys. … boys are playing. 5. I have … bicycle. … bicycle is black. My … friend has no … bicycle. 6. Our … room is large. 7. We wrote … dictation yesterday. … dictation was long. 8. She has two … daughters and one … son. Her … son is … pupil. 9. Last year I gave my … mother … bracelet for her … birthday. She liked … bracelet. 10. My … brother’s … friend has no … dog. 11. This … pencil is broken. Give me that … pencil, please. 12. She has … ball. … ball is … big. 13. I got … letter from my … friend yesterday. … letter was interesting. 14. When they were in Geneva, they stayed at … hotel and sometimes in … restaurant.

    Упражнение 3

    Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

    1. This is … pen. … pen is red. 2. These are pencils. … pencils are black. 3. This is … soup. … soup is tasty. 4. In the morning I eat … sandwich and drink … tea. 5. She gave me … coffee and … cake. … coffee was hot. … cake was tasty. 6. Do you like … ice-cream? 7. I see … book in your … hand. Is … book interesting? 8. Do you need … camera? 9. He never eats … meat, he always eats … vegetables, … cereals, … seeds, … fruit, and … nuts. He is … vegetarian. 10. This is … pineapple. … pineapple is delicious. 11. Elaine, … apples are good for you! 12. My … cousin is upset. He’s got … sore throat. 13. This is … cottage cheese. … cottage cheese is fresh. 14. She bought … meat, … butter and potatoes yesterday. She also bought … cake. … cake was very … tasty. We ate … cake with … tea. 15. This is my … table. On … table I have … book, two … pencils, … pen and … paper. 16. This is … bag. … bag is brown. It’s my sister’s … bag. And this is my … bag. It is … yellow.

    Запомните следующие словосочетания, в которых артикль не употребляется: at _ school, at _ home, at _ work

    Упражнение 4

    Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

    1. I have two … sisters. My … sisters are … students. 2. We are at … home. 3. My … brother is not at … home, he is at … school. 4. My … mother is at … work. 5. I am not … doctor. 6. I have no … sister. 7. He is not … pilot. 8. I have thirty-two … teeth. 9. He has … child. 10. She has two … children. Her children are at … school. 11. Is your father at … home? – No, he is at … work. 12. Where is your … brother? – He is at … home.

    Упражнение 5

    Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

    1. We have … large … family. 2. My granny often tells us … long … interesting … stories. 3. My … father is … engineer. He works at … factory. … factory is large. 4. My … mother is … doctor. She works at … large … hospital. She is at … work now. 5. My … aunt is … teacher. She works at … school. … school is good. My … aunt is not at … school now. She is at … home. She is drinking … tea and eating … jam. … jam is sweet. I am at … home too. I am drinking … tea and eating … sandwich. … sandwich is tasty. 6. My sister is at … school. She is … pupil. 7. My cousin has … big … black … cat. My cousin’s … cat has two … kittens. … cat likes … milk. … kittens like … milk too. 8. I am … engineer. 9. My … son is … pupil. 10. He is … god … pupil. 11. This is … house. 12. This is my … pencil. 13. You have some … pencils, but I have no … pencil. Give me … pencil, please.

    Упражнение 6

    Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

    1. I see. bottle of. pineapple. yuice on. kitchen table. 2. Her. son has. great. sense of. humor. 3. There was. disco at. club last Saturday but he didn't go. 4. Is there. bus stop near. building? 5. We have. big dog. dog is very clever. 6. My friend has. very good computer. 7. This. boy is big. He is. student. 8. There is. very large piano in. hall. 9. This is. tree and that is not. tree. It's. bush. 10. I am. boy. I am. pupil. I study at. school. 11. My sister is at. work. She is. secretary. She works at. large office. 12. This is. very difficult question. I don't know. answer to it. 13. Do you see. little girl with. big ball in her hands? She is. pupil of our school. 14. There was. beautiful flower in this vase yesterday. Where is. flower now? 15. Last year we were in Geneva. It is. exciting city to visit, but. very expensive place to live.

    Если после конструкции there is / there are стоит неисчисляемое существительное или существительное во множественном числе, то вместо опущенного неопределенного артикля часто, но необязательно употребляется местоимение some.

    Упражнение 7

    Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

    1.There is. park behind. hospital. There are. beautiful. trees in. park. 2. There is. good. film on TV this. evening. I am going to watch it. 3. There is. library between. school and. bank. There are. cushions on. sofa. 6. There are. books on. shelf. Give me. book, please. 7. Look into. refrigerator. What can you see on. shelves? - There is. butter in. butter dish. There is. sausage, but there is no. cheese. There are. eggs and. apples. There is. orange. lemon, and. jam in. little vase. 8. There is. juice in this. cup? May I drink. juice? 9. There are. girls in. yard, but I can see no. boys. Where are. boys? - Oh, all. boys are playing. football at. stadium.

    Источник: abcdetomsk.narod.ru